This study focuses on community perception of marine protection in Rote, Eastern Indonesia. The Island of Rote is part of the Save Sea National Marine Conservation Area – the largest MPA in the Republic of Indonesia and the Coral Triangle. A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods were used to explore local community perceptions on the status of marine and coastal resources and their use, of marine conservation efforts in the area and how they could be improved. Combined with a stakeholder analysis, which identified the relevant actors and their position within the current governance structure of the MPA, findings provided insights into how current MPA management has been realized on the ground and where potential shortcomings lie. There was a widespread perception across local stakeholder groups that illegal fishing, destructive fishing practices and pollution continue to threaten Rote’s marine and coastal resources and that these activities are conducted due to little alternative livelihood opportunities, lack of awareness and inadequate enforcement of the MPA. Overall, participants recognized the value of preserving the marine environment for the island’s wellbeing and showed strong willingness to contribute and engage in MPA related activities. While the current governance of the Savu Sea NMCA has had some positive impact on the ground, there are many opportunities for improved management. Building on this positive environment for conservation work, recommendations are provided to address critical issues identified in the governance and implementation of the MPA.
Community perception of marine protected areas: the case of Rote Ndao in the Savu Sea National Marine Conservation Area, Eastern Indonesia
Kerstan, C. (2020). Community perception of marine protected areas: the case of Rote Ndao in the Savu Sea National Marine Conservation Area, Eastern Indonesia. Master Thesis, Lebenswissenschaftliche Fakultät, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Appeared in : Master Thesis, Lebenswissenschaftliche Fakultät, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin